Uluabat Lake


Due to its rich diversity of species and being a wetland, Uluabat Lake is one of the 12 Ramsar areas that are under protection in our country.  Besides this, it is also included in the Living Lakes program.  Because the Uluabat Lake hosts high amount of birds due to being on the bird migration route for the birds that migrate from North West to Anatolia and because it is a wetland area that has very rich floras and faunas, it has attracted all the attention in recent years.  For this reason, it has been put under protection with the RAMSAR convention in 1998.

Uluabat Lake is one of the mid-sized lakes of Turkey.  The lake stretches from East to West and its length is 24 km and the width is 10 km.  It is on one of the most important bird migration routes from Europe to Asia. In terms of location, it is important because it’s close to the Marmara Sea and other Marmara lakes and to the Manyas Lake which is again a Ramsar Area.

As a result of works done at the lake, 21 species of fish have been identified.  Main species caught for commercial purposes are pike and carp. Albeit in small amounts, catfish, chub, herring and roach/rudd fish are also caught.

  • The most important species:
  • Dalmatian Pelican
  • Phalacrocorax pygmaeus
  • Squacco Heron
  • Night Heron
  • Little Bittern
  • Stork
  • Glossy Ibis *
  • Eurasian Spoonbill *
  • Ferrugineus Duck
  • Whiskered Tern
  • Species that come during migration
  • Cattle Egret
  • Black Stork
  • Black Kite
  • Booted Eagle *
  • Long-legged Buzzard
  • Red-footed Falcon
  • Wood sandpiper
  • Black-tailed Godwit
  • Golden Plover
  • Ruff
  • Common Sandpiper
  • Little Gull *
  • White-winged Tern
  • Black Tern
  • Little Tern *
  • Whinchat
  • Rose colored Starling *
  • Eurasian Nightjar (Nighthawk)
  • Citrine Wagtail *
  • Willow Warbler
  • Great Gray Shrike *

 (* rare species seen at Uluabat)

Thousands of bird species some of which are coming from the North during winter were observed.  Wild goose, common pochard, and tufted ducks, kingfisher and little grebes are observed at off shore and great white herons and gray herons, black-headed gulls and yellow-legged gulls are observed near the lakes and reed beds as well as heron species that are breeding in the lake and species such as herons, little egrets, squacco herons, night herons, little bitterns long with bitterns, storks, martins/dovetails are observed in the Uluabat Lake and its surroundings.

Uluabat Lake has the widest water lily bed in Turkey.  White water lily (nymphaea alba) covers the north-east coast of the lake and a very wide area of the Mustafakemalpasa Steam at the entrance of the lake.  In terms of aquatic plants, Uluabat Lake is one of the richest wetland areas of the country.  Almost all the waterfront side of the lake is covered with wide reeds and the shallow parts with in-water plants.

‘’Uluabat Lake Management Plan’’ was prepared in order to protect and appropriately manage the Uluabat Lake within the scope of Wetlands Protection Regulations as well as fulfilling our obligations as required by the Ramsar Convention.

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