Located at the east of Bursa and on the northern slopes of Uludag, the Kizik Vilages’ history is as old as Ottoman’s, not to mention the fact that they are rightly proud to receive their names from the Oghuz tribes way back when. Five of the kizik villages that survived up to the present day are Cumalikizik, Derekizik, Hamamlikizik, Fidyekizik and Degirmenkizik and it can be seen that they largely preserved their historic textures. On a national and international scale, they are the leading important settlements with their Byzantine-era church, bridge ruins, monumental buildings such as Ottoman-era mosques and hamams, organic street pattern and their unique residential architecture. Among the kizik villages that has the mentioned features, Cumalikizik has the most. Compared to the other kizik villages, in terms of its history pattern, it being preserved and feelable, it separates itself from the others slightly. No matter which kizik village you visit today, when you ask the question to its people how long have you been in this village, do not be surprised by the answer I have been here or 700 years. The people in the village see themselves as the guardians and owners of this history and cultural heritage and their sincerity and hospitality will make you forget that your are foreigner…
In the villages, the narrow streets that only one person can pass and the visual feast that is formed by the continuous flowing of the melted snow water through the slate stones in every street, will captivate you. Aside from their historical qualities, the kizik villages also attract attention with their natural beauties. Fatigue of the enjoyable day will end with a nice break at the Saitabat Waterfalls in Derekizik. There are picnic areas, many restaurants and recreational areas by the waterfalls and its surroundings and the canyon of the waterfalls is the meeting place for those involved in extreme sports.
The kizik villages can be our indispensible trip routes with their nature, history, socio-cultural diversity, fertile soils, local products, organic street pattern that the cold water from the springs of Uludag flow through, monumental structures and examples of civil architecture structures, intangible cultural values.
Examples of Historical Street Patters and Civil Architecture
Among the village category, the Cumalikizik Village is within the mass village type.
Around the narrow roads in the village that only people and horse carts can pass, there are homes lined up right after another. The purpose here is to preserve the usable agriculture lands and to protect themselves against any attacks and the desire to be close together. There are two plans being used on the Cumalikizik homes. They are also unique with their roof typology.
There is an outer courtyard that is surrounded between the street and the building, closed to the outside, soil grounded and covered with flat stale stones. By going through this courtyard using the wooden double gates, you can reach life as well as the door of the building. Production activities of the farms continue in these courtyards and they are surrounded by the living areas at different levels of the building. They also have various functions such as kitchen, oven, toilet, warehouse, poultry house and a stable.
And with the 2nd type plan, you can get directly to the living section of the house not to the courtyard from the street. With the glassless wooden grill space located on top of the door, lighting and ventilation is ensured. Through the living section, you can reach the internal courtyard where the stairs are and the places such as warehouse and stables are located.
It has been established that the mosque has a 300-year history and that it was built where the first mosque was originally built. Because the structure was built on a slanted land, its north wall is higher. It is a typical and humble village mosque with its rectangular plan, crushed-wood roof, two masonry stairs at right and left, five-eyed and round-arched narthex surrounded by glass and a renewed minaret. The wooden dynasty sun figure on top of the main door started to get applied/used on the Ottoman architectures from the middle of the 19th century.
The hamam has a pyramidal roof with lighting torch on top, stone walls and is covered with tiles. It consists of furnace sections with cool and hot round brick-covered arches. In the middle of the cold section, there is a little pool, locker units, wooden benches and wooden gathering place.
It is inside the barrel-vaulted niche which is 2.10 meters wide, 1.60 meters deep and 1.85 meters high by the east of the mosque, under the stairs. The sides of the white marble tablet which is 1.10 meters wide, 0.53 meters high and 0.12 meters thick is plastered and top is wipe coated. The corners are half-arched and on the one-line Ottoman inscription, is says Sahhibul hayrat vel hasenat foundation of Zekiye Hatun. Year 1316 (1917). (donated by Zekiye Hatun for charity).
It is said that the hamam gave its name to the village and estimated that it is quiet old. As a result of repairs done over time, the architectural structure of it changed substantially but the 1323 dated repair inscription still exists. Today, project implementations still continue to have it functional for social purposes.
Situated on the village square, the mosque has undergone serious repairs. Today, it is open for worship. Aside from its main walls it has largely lost its authenticity. It is thought that some of the old gravestones by the mosque’s cemetery may be from the period it was built. There is a 1340 dated (hegira Islamic calendar) repair inscription.
Today, the building is being used as Kizik Villages Culture House. It is the only civil architecture example in Fidyekizik from the Ottoman Era.
On the existing inscription of the working water fountain today, it is stated that it was donated as charity by Haci Halil Aga and that it was built in 1252 (hegira Islamic calendar).
Aside from the houses in the old village, Degirmenlikizik Mosque is an old mosque that still standing. Even though the mosque has lost its originality with all the repairs it has undergone, its four main walls are still resisting history.
In front of the mosque, there is a fountain built like a Byzantine tomb.